As part of the massive, Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021, Congress has included another round of stimulus payments. Eligible individuals will receive $600 ($1,200 for joint filers) plus $600 for each dependent child.
Similar to the stimulus payment under the CARES Act, the amount of each payment is phased out by $5 for every $100 in excess of a threshold amount. This threshold amount is based upon 2019 adjusted gross income. The phaseout begins at $75,000 for single filers, $112,500 for heads of households, and $150,000 for joint filers. Thus, the payments are completely phased out for single filers with 2019 adjusted gross income over $99,000, heads of household with $136,500, and joint filers with $198,000.
In order to be eligible for a stimulus payment, the individual must not be:
- a nonresident alien,
- able to be claimed as a dependent on another taxpayer’s return,
- an estate or trust, and
- must have included a Social Security number for both the taxpayer, the taxpayer’s spouse, and eligible children (or an adoption taxpayer identification number, where appropriate).
The advance credit is based on the adjusted gross income reported and the qualifying children claimed on the eligible individual’s 2019 return. The IRS will make the payment via electronic funds transfer to the bank account that the payee authorized, on or after January 1, 2019, for the delivery of a refund, or payment of taxes. However, if an individual has not filed a 2019 return by the time the payments are determined, the payment is based on information provided by the Social Security Administration, Railroad Retirement Board, or Secretary of Veterans Affairs for calendar year 2019.
As soon as practicable after the IRS distributes any payment to an eligible taxpayer, the IRS will send a notice by mail to the taxpayer’s last known address. The notice will indicate the method by which the payment was made, the amount of the payment, and a phone number to contact at the IRS to report any failure to receive such payment.